A deep teeth cleaning or scaling and root planing is a procedure performed by your dentist or dental hygienist to treat gums that are weak from gum disease. Due to poor home oral care, not having had a professional cleaning for a long period of time and genetics, plaque and tartar build up around the teeth and inside the gums. This causes the bacteria to thrive on it which causes irritation and infection in the gums leading to bad odor from the mouth, red and puffy gums leading to bone loss and loose teeth. If not treated in time gum or periodontal disease may lead to eventual loss of teeth.
It is a simple procedure in which your dentist or hygienist may use local anesthetic to numb your gums and mouth before deep cleaning. Ultrasonic and hand instruments are used to thoroughly debride the teeth and gums from the disease causing bacterial build up.
There may be slight soreness and sensitivity in the gums and teeth after deep teeth cleaning which usually settles down in a few days. Your dentist may recommend that you take over-the-counter pain medication to relieve discomfort from the procedure. In some cases, you may be prescribed an antibiotic or a medicated mouth rinse to control further inflammation and to help you heal faster.